1. Ezzati M, Lopez AD, Rodgers A, Vander Hoorn S, Murray CJ. Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease. Lancet. 2002;360:1347–1360.
2. Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, et al. The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure: The JNC 7 Report. JAMA.2003;289:2560–2572.
3. International Diabetes Federation. The IDF consensus worldwide definition of the metabolic syndrome. Available at: http://www.idf.org/webdata/docs/IDF_Metasyndrome_definition.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2005.
4. Bales A. Hypertensive crisis. How to tell if it's an emergency
5. Sewerynek E. Melatonin and the cardiovascular system. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2002;23(suppl 1):79–83.
6. Jonas M, Garfinkel D, Zisapel N, Laudon M, Grossman E. Impaired nocturnal melatonin secretion in non–dipper hypertensive patients. Blood Press. 2003;12:19–24.
7. Scheer FA, Van Montfrans GA, van Someren EJ, Mairuhu G, Buijs RM. Daily nighttime melatonin reduces blood pressure in male patients with essential hypertension. Hypertension. 2004;43:192–197.
8. Appel LJ, Champagne CM, Harsha DW, Cooper LS, Obarzanek E, Elmer PJ. Effects of comprehensive lifestyle modification on blood pressure control: main results of the PREMIER clinical trial. JAMA. 2003;289:2083–2093.
9. Svetkey LP, Simons–Morton D, Vollmer WM, et al. Effects of dietary patterns on blood pressure: subgroup analysis of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) randomized clinical trial. Arch Intern Med. 1999;159:285–293.
10. Berkow SE, Barnard ND. Blood pressure regulation and vegetarian diets. Nutr Rev.2005;63:1–8.
11. Bener A, Al–Suwaidi J, Al–Jaber K, Al–Marri S, Dagash MH, Elbagi IE. The prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors in a newly developed country. Saudi Med J. 2004;25:918–922.
12. Miura K, Greenland P, Stamler J, Liu K, Daviglus ML, Nakagawa H. Relation of vegetable, fruit, and meat intake to 7–year blood pressure change in middle–aged men: the Chicago Western Electric Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2004;159:572–580.
13. Beegom R, Singh RB. Association of higher saturated fat intake with higher risk of hypertension in an urban population of Trivandrum in south India. Int J Cardiol. 1997;58:63–70.
14. Ascherio A, Hennekens C, Willett WC, et al. Prospective study of nutritional factors, blood pressure, and hypertension among U.S. women. Hypertension. 1996;27:1065–1072.
15. Ernst E, Pietsch L, Matrai A, Eisenberg J. Blood rheology in vegetarians. Br J Nutr. 1986;56:555–560.
16. Djousse L, Arnett DK, Pankow JS, Hopkins PN, Province MA, Ellison RC. Dietary linolenic acid is associated with a lower prevalence of hypertension in the NHLBI Family Heart Study. Hypertension. 2005;45:368–373.
17. Whelton PK, He J, Appel LJ, et al. Primary prevention of hypertension: clinical and public health advisory from the National High Blood Pressure Education Program. JAMA. 2002;288:1882–1888.
18. Xu JW, Ikeda K, Yamori Y. Upregulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase by cyanidin–3–glucoside, a typical anthocyanin pigment. Hypertension. 2004;44:217–222.
19. Achike FI, Kwan CY. Nitric oxide, human diseases and the herbal products that affect the nitric oxide signaling pathway. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2003;30:605–615.
20. Tauber AI, Fay JR, Marletta MA. Flavonoid inhibition of the human neutrophil NADPH–oxidase. Biochem Pharmacol. 1984;33:1367–1369.
21. He J, Whelton PK. What is the role of dietary sodium and potassium in hypertension and target organ injury? Am J Med Sci. 1999;317:152–159.
22. Adrogue HJ, Wesson DE. Role of dietary factors in the hypertension of African Americans. Semin Nephrol. 1996;16:94–101.
23. Geleijnse JM, Kok FJ, Grobbee DE. Impact of dietary and lifestyle factors on the prevalence of hypertension in Western populations. Eur J Public Health. 2004;14:235–239.
24. Witteman JC, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, et al. Relation of moderate alcohol consumption and risk of systemic hypertension in women. Am J Cardiol. 1990;65:633–637.
25. Malinski MK, Sesso HD, Lopez–Jimenez F, Buring JE, Gaziano JM. Alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease mortality in hypertensive men. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:623–628.
26. Renaud SC, Gueguen R, Conard P, Lanzmann–Petithory D, Orgogozo JM, Henry O. Moderate wine drinkers have lower hypertension–related mortality: a prospective cohort study in French men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004;80:621–625.
27. Forman JP, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ, Curhan GC. Folate intake and the risk of incident hypertension among U.S. women. JAMA. 2005;293:320–329.
28. Block G. Ascorbic acid, blood pressure, and the American diet. Ann NY Acad Sci. 2002;959:180–187.
29. Chen J, He J, Hamm L, Batuman V, Whelton PK. Serum antioxidant vitamins and blood pressure in the United States population. Hypertension. 2002;40:810–816.
30. Hajjar IM, George V, Sasse EA, Kochar MS. A randomized, double–blind, controlled trial of vitamin C in the management of hypertension and lipids. Am J Ther. 2002;9:289–293.
31. Field AE, Coakley EH, Must A, et al. Impact of overweight on the risk of developing common chronic diseases during a 10–year period. Arch Intern Med. 2001;161:1581–1586.
32. Hernelahti M, Kujala U, Kaprio J. Stability and change of volume and intensity of physical activity as predictors of hypertension. Scand J Public Health. 2004;32:303–309.
33. Nakanishi N, Suzuki K. Daily life activity and the risk of developing hypertension in middle–aged Japanese men. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165:214–220.
<< Hypertension: Nutritional Considerations